Serhat TUNAR -TDO- WWF (World Foundation for the protection of Nature) published a report entitled “The Extinction of nature and the rise of pandemics” which revealed the relevance of the coronavirus epidemic affecting the whole world to the destruction of nature and the trade in wild animals.
According to the report translated into Turkish by Esin Aslan Gürbüz, the new Coronavirus outbreak is actually an example of animal-borne diseases that have emerged in recent years, such as Ebola, AIDS, SARS, bird flu and swine flu. The impact of the destruction of nature and the trade in wild animals plays an important role in the spread of these diseases.
The main posts shared in the report are as follows:
* Viruses, bacteria and other microorganisms have been playing a vital role on Earth for nearly 4 billion years. The majority are absolutely harmless and are often essential to ecosystems and human health; think of the human microbiome or the myriad symbiotes between microbes and other organisms.
* Several microorganisms such as pathogenic bacteria and viruses or single-celled animals with parasitic character can have significant adverse effects on human health.
* Pathogens can transform quickly so they can pass from wild animals to humans. These newly seen diseases endanger human life and have great socioeconomic effects.
* Destruction and alteration of natural ecosystems, illegal or uncontrolled trade of wild animal species, and unhygienic assemblage and sale of wild and domestic species raise the possibility that pathogens such as viruses may pass from wild and domestic animals to humans.
While human behavior and demographic factors significantly increase the level of these risks, the speed at which humans travel across continents can cause pandemics to spread undetected.
* Protecting and maintaining nature and its benefits is essential to protecting our health and well-being.