The report, entitled Uprooted: The Growing Crisis for Refugee and Migrant Children, released by the UNICEFsays across the globe, nearly 50 million children have been uprooted – 28 million of them driven from their homes by conflicts not of their making, and millions more migrating in the hope of finding a better, safer life.The report, published on Tuesday, says that children make up about a third of the world' population as of 2015 and accounted for nearly half of all refugees. Indicating the countries children travel through and at their destinations, they often face xenophobia and discrimination, reports says “Often traumatized by the conflicts and violence they are fleeing, they face further dangers along the way, including the risk of drowning on sea crossings, malnourishment and dehydration, trafficking, kidnapping, rape and even murder.”The report says “Children represent a disproportionate and growing proportion of those who have sought refuge outside their countries of birth: they make up about a third of the global population but about half of all refugees. In 2015 around 45 per cent of all child refugees under UNHCR’s protection came from Syria and Afghanistan.28 million children have been driven from their homes by violence and conflict within and across borders, including 10 million child refugees; 1 million asylum-seekers whose refugee status has not yet been determined; and an estimated 17 million children displaced within their own countries – children in dire need of humanitarian assistance and access to critical services.”The reports also predicts about 20 million other international child migrants have left their homes for a variety of reasons including extreme poverty or gang violence. Many are at particular risk of abuse and detention because they have no documentation, has uncertain legal status, and there is no systematic tracking and monitoring of their well-being – children falling through the cracks.Turkey is the largest refugees hosting countryAccording to Uprooted, Turkey hosts the largest total number of recent refugees, and very likely the largest number of child refugees in the world. Relative to its population, Lebanon hosts the largest number of refugees by an overwhelming margin: Roughly 1 in 5 people in Lebanon is a refugee. By comparison, there is roughly 1 refugee for every 530 people in the United Kingdom; and 1 for every 1,200 in the United States. When considering refugee-host countries by income level, however, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, and Pakistan host the highest concentration of refugees.The report offers the international community six concrete steps to take necessary step for ensuring the security of child refugees. Those steps are;• Protecting child refugees and migrants, particularly unaccompanied children, from exploitation and violence.• Ending the detention of children seeking refugee status or migrating by introducing a range of practical alternatives.• Keeping families together as the best way to protect children and give children legal status.• Keeping all refugee and migrant children learning and giving them access to health and other quality services.• Pressing for action on the underlying causes of large-scale movements of refugees and migrants.• Promoting measures to combat xenophobia, discrimination and marginalizationAli Faruk İMRE

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