News Center -TDO-A photo exhibition named “Inca Garcilaso And The Birth Of Mestizo Culture Of The Americas" that organized by “Peruvian Embassy” and “Ankara University Latin American Studies Research and Application Center(LAMER)” was opened at the Faculty of Language and History-Geography of Ankara University.
Peruvian Ambassador to Ankara Alberto Campana Boluarte, LAMER President Prof. Dr. Prof. Dr. Mehmet Necati Kutlu, Dean of Ankara University, Faculty of Languages, History and Geography Prof. Dr. İhsan Çiçek and representatives of diplomatic missions and guests attended the exhibition.
In his opening speech, , LAMER President. Prof. Dr. Mehmet Necati Kutlu stated that author Vega, has both Peruvian and Spanish roots, in 1609, he published the book “Facts About Incas” and contributed to the understanding of Inca civilization and Mestizo culture.
In his speech, Dean Çiçek expressed his pleasure to host that organization as a faculty and thanked those who contributed to the exhibition.
Ambassador Boluarte, speaking at the event, thanked the faculty and LAMER for their contribution to the exhibition and stated that “Peru is an ancient country based on the culture of Inca civilization.” Ambassador Boluarte said in his speech: Peru, like Turkey, is a country that its history based on ancients. As of origin a culture of Inca and pre-Incan cultures. Yeah, that's the identity of ancient Peru.
An ancient Peru with a new identity and emerging metis culture that has been shaped around European culture with the arrival of the Spanish on the continent, enriched by the advent of Asians and Africans in the centuries that followed.
As our great writer Jose Maria Arguedas said; Peru, built with "the blood of everyone".
At the same time, I must say that our identity is Mestizo that has been unfortunately subjected to racist and social pressures since the 5th century and crushed by the superiority of European culture.
All of this began to change slowly on recent history of Peru. We began to give our Mestizo identity, self-identity, the value it deserves.
We started a cultural revolution. For example, to prevent the disappearance of the Quechua language spoken for centuries in ancient Peruvian territory. So that, even for the promotion of the country Quechua language was used. As a symbol of Peruvianism, I would like to mention that Quechua words are used in Peruvian gastronomy. ” he said.
Boluarte, stating that Peru has a Mestizo culture, said, "Inca Garcilaso is a symbol that teaches the origins of Peruvian culture to the world and unites European and American culture."
In exhibition, photographs of the life of Peruvian writer Inca Garcilaso de la Vega were exhibited.
Who is Inca Garcılaso De La Vega?
"Inca Garcilaso de la Vega "known as Gómez Suárez de Figueroa, a Spanish father and an indigenous mother of the child was born in Peru in 1539 and died in Spain's the city Cordoba in 1616, is a writer and historian.
Inca Garcilaso, who spent his childhood and first youth in Cusco, Peru, loved listening to indigenous stories about the Inca nobles. With his father's death in 1559, he went to Spain to fulfill his wish, to complete his Latin and Christian doctrine education, which he learned from his Spanish teachers as a child.
In Spain, he devoted himself to reading heroic novels and readings on Renaissance literature and philosophy. In 1589, he translated Leone Ebreo's “Dialoghi d'amore”. In 1605, he wrote “La Florida del Inca” , in which he told the bravery of the Indians and the Spanish warrior spirit .
In 1609, he published the first part of his masterpiece "Los Comentarios Reales de los Incas"(Facts about Incas), which reflects Peru and its people, the Incan rulers, traditions, laws and religion, in Lisbon.In addition, this book is a work of maturity in which he is proud of its hybridity.
The second part of the work was published after his death in 1617 under the name "Historia General del Peru" (General History of Peru), in which he described the conquest of Peru and the resulting civil wars. He died in 1616 at the age of 67 in Cordoba.
In his works, he emphasized the true importance and value of his Inka ancestors, who could be called the first evaluation of Mestizo culture, and revealed the importance of Mestizo culture in the formation of Peru and Latin American culture.