The principle of neutrality constitutes the foreign policy bases of Turkmenistan from the first days of its independence. In July 1992, at the Helsinki Summit of the European Security and Cooperation Council (now OSCE), Turkmenistan for the first time declared positive neutrality as the main content of its foreign policy path. These initiatives of Turkmenistan have been examined both in the UN and other international organizations and states. At the Islamabad Summit of the Organization for Economic Cooperation in March 1995 and the Kartagena (Colombia) Summit in the Non-Aligned Movement in October 1995, Turkmenistan's impartial foreign policy path was fully supported. On December 12, 1995, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted the Declaration of "Permanent Fidelity of Turkmenistan" with the unanimity of all 185 member states. Several countries, including the Republic of Turkey, have been co-presenters of the relevant Decrees of the UN General Assembly.
The UN General Assembly endeavors to make an active and positive role in the development of peaceful, friendly and mutually beneficial relations with Turkmenistan's regional countries and all the states of the world. Turkmenistan's permanent neutrality status will help to consolidate peace and security in the region.
This Decree became the first official document of the principle of neutrality in the history of international relations and has defined the status of neutrality in Turkmenistan. It is a sign that the peace-loving politics of the Turkmen state is supported by the world mosque and is widely accepted. If the precedence is achieved by the agreement of several states with the same status or another state, Turkmenistan's impartiality has been a consequence of the state's voluntary will and its own choice.
Furthermore, the decision by the UN to open the UN Center for Preventative Diplomacy for Central Asia in Ashgabat in December 2007 is a demonstration of confidence in Turkmenistan by the international community. The 10th Anniversary of the foundation of the Regional Center promulgated in December 2017 will be celebrated.
As mentioned above, on December 12, 1995, the UN General Assembly gave positive status of neutrality to Turkmenistan. Turkmenistan is the first country officially recognized by the Nations Community in the world. December 12, every year, is celebrated in Turkmenistan as the national holiday - the Day of Impartiality.
On the occasion of the celebration of the 20th anniversary of Turkmenistan's neutrality in 2015, the UN General Assembly adopted a second Decree on the 3rd of June 2015 in the name of "Permanent Fidelity of Turkmenistan" and once again reinforced this international legal status of Turkmenistan.
Turkmenistan continued its initiatives to ensure that December 12th was celebrated by the world mosque as a day of neutrality. As a result of this proposal by the President of Turkmenistan, on February 2, 2017, the UN General Assembly adopted the Decree on "Day of International Impartiality". With this Decree, the International Day of International Impartiality will be celebrated on December 12 every year as the international day recognized for the first time by the UN on world history.
Due to this meaningful day, national and international festivals will be organized in Turkmenistan in order to mark the 10th anniversary of the UN Central Asia Preventative Diplomacy Regional Center.
Embassy of Turkey in Turkmenistan