İrem UZUN -TDO- The Hague-based International Court of Justice has ordered Myanmar to take emergency measures to prevent genocide of the Rohingya. The International Court of Justice approved emergency "provisional measures" compelling Myanmar to halt all persecution of the ethnic group, including killing, raping, and destroying homes and villages.
Myanmar's military committed extensive atrocities against the Rohingya, including murder, rape, and arson, that peaked during its late 2017 campaign of ethnic cleansing, forcing more than 740,000 Rohingya to flee to Bangladesh. In September 2019, the United Nations-backed International Independent Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar found that the 600,000 Rohingya remaining in Myanmar "may face a greater threat of genocide than ever."
The court unanimously ordered Myanmar to prevent all acts under article 2 of the Genocide Convention, ensure that its military does not commit genocide, and take effective measures to preserve evidence relating to underlying the genocide case. The court has also ordered Myanmar to report on its implementation of the order in four months, and then every six months afterwards.
Other UN bodies should take steps to reinforce the order, Human Rights Watch said. The UN Human Rights Council and the UN General Assembly could pass resolutions calling on Myanmar to comply with its terms. This could spur other countries to take concrete action in their bilateral relations with Myanmar.