ECONOMICS, POVERTY AND EDUCATION IN BRITAIN


27/11/2016





There after the British Prime Minister David Cameron has announced his resignation after the people of Britain voted for this country to leave the EU, Theresa May emerged as Britain’s next prime minister, becoming the second woman, after Margaret Thatcher, to hold that post.Not only for a privileged minority, but rather to create a Britain for everyone' interest, Theresa May have appointed the former International Development Secretary Justine Greening as the secretary for Education, Women and Equalities in the new cabinet.
Speaking recently at the anniversary of Academies Act 2010, Greening stressed the importance of social mobilization and their commitment towards making the country for the interest of all people.Indeed, the Academies Act 2010 provided the right to partial autonomy to the schools and made it possible for all publicly funded schools to become academies in the United Kingdom. Having ensured a greater voice for families, the law gave more rights to the management of schools. Above all, the legal regulations have been made in order to reduce the impact of poverty on children and aimed equality of opportunity in education.Nevertheless, after the law' enactment, not many things have changed in education system of Britain. In fact, the Academy Act did not full fill its main goals; and even the difference between poor and rich has steadily increased regarding education.In his famous book namely World Poverty and Human Rights, Thomas Pogge has claimed that while evaluating a country’s economic order, three factors are needed to be sensitive analyzed carefully. These factors are; the dimensions of absolute poverty, inequality and the direction of the first two factors; in other words, how much poverty and inequality tend to increase over time. In this context, we can examine the UK' economic system by taking these three factors into account.Initially, according to research carried out by the Office for National Statistics, six percent of the UK population in 2014 (3.9 million) lived in poverty. In this context, it might be argued that poverty is severe and widespread in the UK.In addition, England is country which is well known regarding the gap between rich and poor people. While the rich people get richer, poor people get poorer; and the income of the middle class people is decreased. As well as the rich and the poor population of the country are becoming more geographically split. And this situation also faced within the educational system. In this sense, while the economic differences within a school decreased, the gap between the schools are increased regarding the economic conditions and the quality of education. Especially in the cities like London…At the same time, country' decision to leave (Brexit) from the European Union (EU) in a referendum, the pound has lost a great value and the UK economy in the world ranking dropped back. Since the UK will be focusing to solve the problem regarding Brexit, the reforms in the fields of poverty, social mobilization and especially education are like to be postponed.As a result, it is so optimistic to think that the new government will be benefit for the poor. It seems that the Britain, under the leadership of Theresa May and Justine Greening, has not yet taken steps towards development. Experienced vulnerabilities (e.g. Brexit) is threatening economic growth and if such problems do not resolved systematically and quickly, it will be impossible to progress economically.
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