Selin ATAY-TDO- A report launched by the Group of Eminent Experts on Yemen (YemenGEE) established by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, concluded that there are plausible evidences that all parties to civil war in Yemen, especially Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), committed war crimes and violated international human rights.
A 3-member delegation established in 2017 by the UN to monitor human rights violations in Yemen announced its third report on the issue.
Saudi Arabia and the UAE have reacted severely to the last two reports published by the UN experts. Meanwhile, the Yemeni delegation has repeatedly called on the UN Security Council to prosecute individuals, who have committed war crimes from both countries, at the International Criminal Court.
Despite the efforts of Martin Griffiths, the UN Special Representative for Yemen, the failure to advance a political solution in Yemen and the failure to act in accordance with the Stockholm agreement was also expressed in the report.
The report stressed that the Yemeni government, Saudi Arabia, the UAE, the Houthis and the UAE-backed Southern Transitional Council (STC) are responsible for major human rights violations, committing crimes such as deprivation of life, arbitrary arrest, sexual violence and torture.
In particular, individuals in the government of Yemen, Saudi Arabia, the UAE and the STC may have committed war crimes by committing acts such as killing civilians, torture, cruel or inhuman treatment, rape and other forms of sexual violence, insulting people's dignity and obstructing a fair trial, the report said.
The report said that some officers belonging to coalition forces, especially Saudi Arabia and the UAE, may have committed a war crime in airstrikes in violation of the principles of "distinction, proportionality and precautionary measures", emphasizing that all parties fighting in Yemen are violating international law and that "no side has a clean hand".