Selin ATAY-TDO- Lawyers for the United States asked judges at the International Court of Justice (ICJ) to dismiss Iranian a case that seeks to lift unilateral sanctions.
The ICJ, the highest Judicial Court of the United Nations, announced that the hearing of Iran's case will take place on September 14-21. The hearings will begin with U.S. objections and continue with Iran's counter-defense on September 16.
According to the US lawyer Marik String, Tehran had wrongly introduced a subject uncovered by a 1955 bilateral pact, the Treaty of Amity, which Iran cites as the basis for going to the World Court.
It was “an inescapable reality”, he added, that the real purpose of Iran’s legal suit is to restore a 2015 nuclear deal which Trump administration opposed.
“The measures Iran challenges remain critical to the United States’ efforts to address national security threats posed by Iran including the current threat posed by its nuclear programme,” String added.
Washington imposed the measures in 2018 when it abandoned the 2015 Nuclear Deal aimed at stopping Tehran developing nuclear weapons.
In 2018, Donald Trump's administration abandoned from the 2015 nuclear deal, which aimed to stopping Tehran from developing nuclear weapons, and imposed unilateral sanctions on Iran. Iran has filed a lawsuit against the United States in the ICJ for the suspension of sanctions on the grounds that the US move violates the Treaty of Amity signed in 1955.
In October 2018, the court ordered the United States that sanctions against Iran would not affect humanitarian aid or civil aviation safety. String said the United States was abiding by earlier orders.
The World Court ruled in 2019 that the friendship treaty could provide a legal basis for its involvement in an Iranian-U.S. dispute. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced the termination of the 1955 agreement by the United States and argued that sanctions against Iran did not violate any agreement.