İlknur Şebnem Öztemel-TDO- US President George Bush and the leader of USSR,Mikhail Gorbachev, negotiated in Malta on 3 November 1989 and declared the end of the Cold War.
NATO gave the first signals of this change on its policy, in London summit which was held in 1990 and finalized it in Rome summit on 7-8 November 1991 as the ‘’new strategy concept’’.
Now the concept of ‘’threatening’’ was changed. At that time, threats to international security were defined as terrorism, human smuggling, and illegal migrations to the West, dangerous regimes having the weapons of mass destruction, drug and arms smugglings, poverty, income disparity, corruption, environmental pollution and unsuccessful countries.
After the Gulf War and military intervention inKosovo,a new type of intervention and war in the field of International Relations has been introduced. Intervention to Kosovo is the proof of the implementation of the new ‘’Out of Area’’ concept that indicatesNATO can go out of its borders.
There is no doubt that NATO has an important role in securing the European continent. On the other hand, it is significant to remind that security of Europe is necessary for American interests too. It is obvious that American did many things for its European fellows such as providing military aid and military education.
Trump tweeted on Saturday,a day after meeting with the German chancellor Angela Merkel, as Germany “owes vast sums of money to NATO& the United States must be paid more for the powerful, and very expensive, defense it provides to Germany!”
The German Minister of Defense, Ursula von der Leyen, rejected his claims and said ‘’there is no debt account at NATO”. She added that it was wrong to link the alliance’s target for members to spend 2% of their economic output on defense by 2024 solely to NATO.Additionally, she said “Defense spending also goes into UN peacekeeping missions, into our European missions and into our contribution to the fight against (Deash) terrorism’’.
Burden sharing and economic has always been a source of debate between NATO members. Starting with his campaign, U.S President Donald Trump criticized other member states to NATO as they do not contribute enough to the union while America ‘’provides’’ everything for its allies. His statements about the issue led many criticisms about the future of the union but following his inauguration, Trump started to be more moderate about the issue.
Recently, it has been announced that Montenegro will join the EU in this year. According to Russian envoy to NATO Alexander Grushko, this is only an attempt to show that union’s Open Door policy is still alive. Grushko told to Sputnik as"Attempts to drag Montenegro into NATO is nothing more than the desire to show that the open door policy is alive… It is clear to everyone that, as of now, this policy has completely exhausted itself, it not only failed to eliminate or erase the dividing lines in Europe, it deepens them, and, speaking of our country, these dividing lines only move closer to us’’.
Moreover, Grushko said that it is too early to say that American policy towards NATO would change. He said "I think it's too early to say whether it will change or not. Yes, indeed, US President Donald Trump has formulated a number of points, but it is clear that the US administration will need additional time to translate these points into specific positions on a range of dossiers and security issues. But, nevertheless, it is quite obvious that two new elements will be present in the administration's policy toward NATO".
Therefore, it seems nothing has been changed for the White House rather than populist speeches to attract regular Americans. However, I guess regardless of their need for it, Europeans will not appreciate these talks and do what Washington says voluntarily.