DONALD TRUMP'S PROBLEM OF INTEGRATION WITH US FOREIGN POLICY


26/11/2016





In an interview with The New York Times during the Republican National Convention, US Republican Presidential nominee Donald Trump defined NATO as obsolete and old fashioned because it does not properly cover terror. And he questioned the United States’ involvement in NATO.Trump said that if Russia invaded the members of NATO, includingthe new members in the Baltics such as Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia, the United States should not automatically honor NATO’s core principle - mutual defense - and come to their military aid. He told reporters that there are many NATO members which rely on the United States to have their backs and aren’t paying their bills. In addition, while Trump mentioned the economic disadvantage of NATO, he claimed that the US is spending too much for NATO. And NATO is taking unfair money from the United States while other countries do not pay their share.Trump’s reviews about NATO has attracted a great response, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg , White House Spokesman Josh Earnest, Hillary Clinton and Barack Obama and even some Republicans have accused Trump for not knowing foreign policy.
In short, Trump has defined NATO as something negative and 'bad' for the US. However, the problem in here is not whether NATO is good or bad, but rather it is important toanswerthe question of what NATO is.
US Security Policy: NATO
Having started with the United Nations and continued with NATO, a series of treaties are among the empirical indicators of the leadership of the US in security.Indeed, as the first result of the cold war, NATO was established in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty and ithas broughtthe United States and Western Europe together within political and military sense. In the coming years, therefore, the United States has spread its security policy depending on treaties to the other parts of the world since the establishment of NATO. In this sense, The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO), Australia, New Zealand, United States Security Treaty (ANZUS), the Central Treaty Organization (CENTO) are just some of the US-led military alliances.In 1949, there were 12 founding members of the Alliance including United Kingdom, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, United States and the treaty was limited merely with 20 years. At present, NATO has 28 members and it has become the world' largest and most powerful military alliance. In February 18, 1952 Turkey became members of the Alliance with the approval of an overwhelming majority in Parliament.Regarding NATO’s “mutual defense” clause, Article Five says that an attack on one nation is considered an attack on all of them.In this sense, on 11 September 2001, NATO Allies expressed their solidarity with the people of the United Stateswith respect to NATO’s collective defense clause. Thereafter the September 11 attacks, the United States invaded Afghanistan and supported initially by close allies. NATO’s biggest task today is the fight against the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS). In this context, it could be argued that NATO prepares legal ground for the US invasions.Above all, NATO has a common budget and it supports all member countries within economic, social and cultural means. It also provides peace and security. However, the budget of NATO which all the member countries contribute in equal amountis about $ 2 million and each member country has its own defense spending outside of the common budget. In this context, the expenditures made by the United States are its own expenditures. As claimed by Trump, therefore, the United States is not subject to exploitation by other member countries.It seems that the Republican Presidential nominee Donald Trump, beyond knowing US foreign policy, does not have the historical knowledge. With his statements about NATO, while the tension and instability the West experienced recently may increase;he also ignores the impact of any tension between Russia and the West on the United States.
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