İlknur Şebnem Öztemel – TDO – Yesterday, militants attacked a camp housing road construction workers in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, 3 people killed. The Himalayan region of Kashmir has been divided between India and Pakistan since 1947 and lies at the heart of tensions between the nuclear-armed neighbours.
India and Pakistan became independent from British rule in 1947. Kashmiri population which is majorly Muslim, desired to join Pakistan. However local governor, Hari Singh , sold Kashmir to India and runaway to England. In 1947 Pakistani forces and Indian army fought, Pakistan gained 30% of Kashmir, including Srinagar and India gained the control of Kashmir valley, Jamnu and Ladakh. Kashmir region was named of the special fabric that produced in there, famous with its natural resources and green nature.
After Pakistan joined to the Baghdad Pact, USSR decided to support India in any case. Cold War hardened the situation between India and Pakistan as they became proxy warriors of two superpowers. Both USA and USSR provided nuclear weapons to their allies.
On 5 August 1965, another military aggression happened between rivals since Pakistan sent soldiers to the disputed are as a part of its Gibraltar Operation. It was the biggest war after World War II as thousands of people were died.
In 1999, India and Pakistan engaged in war ones more as Pakistani people tried to exceed the border. Although, two states could not surpass each other in the prior wars, this time India achieved to protect its original borders.
Kashmir, is the source of political dispute between those states. For instance; in September, an attack on Indian military base killed 19 soldiers. According to the South Asia Terrorism Portal, 267 people were died in similar attacks, since 2010.
Pakistani officials claimed that people of Kashmir do not want to live under Buddhist rule. It is significant to remind that about 90 percent of the local population is Muslim.