ARAB SUMMIT IN JORDAN: PREFERENCE FOR POLITICAL SOLUTIONS IN ACCORDANCE WITH INTERNATIONAL LAWS


29/03/2017




Adel Tayari – TDO – (TUNISIA)The summit of the Arab countries will start on Wednesday (March 29th) with the arrival of Arab heads of state and government in Jordan to attend the summit in the Dead Sea region. The Arab summit will discuss 17 itemsraised by the Arab foreign ministers at the end of their preparatory meeting held on Monday, March 27, under the chairmanship of Jordanian Foreign Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs Ayman Safadi, which deals with all political, economic and social issues and issues. The Arab foreign ministers approved 27 draft resolutions to be included in the final communiqué of the Summit. The resolutions are related to the most important agenda items, foremost of which is the Palestinian issue, the Syrian crisis, Libya and Yemen. The ministers also called for activating the Arab peace initiative, rejecting Israel's candidacy for membership of the Security Council for 2019 and 2020, and rejecting Iranian interference in Arab affairs.

The summit, to be chaired by Jordan's King Abdullah II, will begin with a speech by Mauritanian President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, who will then deliver the presidency to the King of Jordan, who will deliver a speech to the new summit followed by a speech by the Secretary-General of the League of Arab States, Ahmed Aboul Gheit. It is expected that 17 heads of state will participate in the summit, including Jordan's King Abdullah II, Saudi King Salman bin Abdul Aziz, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, Tunisian President Baiji Kaid Sibsi and Iraqi Prime Minister Haider Abadi.

Refusing to transfer the embassy of any country to Jerusalem

Diplomatic sources confirmed that the Amman Declaration, which is expected to be issued by the Arab summit, includes the international community's demand to abide by international legitimacy regarding the status of Jerusalem and to consider the transfer of any country's embassy as an attack on international laws and resolutions. According to the same sources, "the declaration will affirm" the Arab commitment to the Arab peace initiative and the need to reach a political solution to the Palestinian issue leading to the establishment of an independent Palestinian state with East Jerusalem as its capital. “On the issue of Yemen, the declaration will include "supporting the constitutional legitimacy in Yemen." As for the Iranian-Gulf issue, the declaration will "continue the Iranian interference in the internal affairs of a number of Arab countries, including Tehran's call to act in accordance with the principle of good neighborliness." As for the situation in Libya, the declaration will affirm "the support of the Arab leaders for the Libyan political agreement signed in the Moroccan Skhirat and the national reconciliation government."

The political solution in Syria is preferable

With regard to Syria, the Declaration considers that "the only solution to the Syrian crisis is apolitical solution" and will include an Arab commitment to support the host countries of the Syrian refugees. According to the same source, the issue of countering terrorism is of interest to Arab leaders, as the declaration will focus on "the maintenance of Arab national security and the fight against terrorism." In a related context, Jordanian Foreign Minister Ayman Safadi said that the Arab Summit confirms the terms of reference between Israel and Palestine based on the principle of a two-state solution. He stressed that Jerusalem is the capital of Palestine.


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