POLITICAL AND SOCIAL DYNAMICS IN CRIMEA SINCE 2014




News Center-TDO- A seminar named “Political and Social Dynamics in Crimea since 2014” was held in ODTU Business Management Department with the cooperation of Embassy of Ukraine and ODTU Center for Black Sea and Central Asia (KORA).

Ukranian Ambassador AndriiSybiha, Prof. Dr. Ayşe Ayata, Lithuanian Ambassador Audrius Bruzga, Dr. Pınar Köksal, Dr. Yevgeniya Gaber, Dr. KeremTuncel, Assistant Professor Filiz Tutku Aydın and other guests attended to the seminar.

Ukranian Ambassador Sybiha made opening speech at the seminar and said, “Today is the fifth anniversary of the beginning of the Russian aggression against Ukraine started in Crimea. Moreover, events went further on the Donbas, and the last manifestation - the act of aggression in the Kerch Strait.

Along with this, the hybrid war was started – interference in internal affairs and processes, economic and energy blackmail, information warfare. Russia is also conducting an unprecedented informational propaganda war against Ukraine. That is why the theme of occupation of the Crimea and Donbas should be constantly on the news headlines.

Such brutal disrespect for international law undermines the entire global order that has emerged after two world wars. The particular danger lies in the fact that Russia does not stop, but always goes further in methods and means of aggression and transfers them to other regions.

At the same time, Russia does not abandon attempts to legitimize occupation of the Crimea and its intervention in the Donbas. Attempts of Russia to legalize the occupation of Ukrainian territories among the international community: visits of foreign ships to the closed Crimean ports, citizens and businessmen from other countries to international events in Crimea and Donbas, numerous publications of maps with Crimea belonging to Russia may lead to unofficial de-facto recognition of the Russian status of Crimea and Donbas.

As a result of Russian aggression, 7% of the territory of Ukraine, including Crimea and a number of areas in Donetsk and Luhansk regions, are currently occupied.

The armed aggression of Russia took lives of 13 thousand people and more than 28 thousand people were injured. More than 1.8 million residents of Crimea and Donbas were forced to leave their homes. Once peaceful life of people in these regions has turned into horror, marked by fear and terror.

The economic and environmental damage caused by the Russian occupation is also enormous.27% of the industrial potential of the Donbas either destroyed or illegally moved to Russia, including the equipment of 33 local industrial giants.

After the Russian Federation occupied Crimea, we witness progressing militarization of the Crimean Peninsula as well as the whole area of the Black and Azov Seas. Such activity has far-reaching consequences for the security of Ukraine and the whole Black Sea region, including Turkey.

We are also deeply concerned on growing repressions, serious human rights violations and discrimination of the Crimean Tatars and ethnic Ukrainians in the occupied Crimea. Over 70 citizens of Ukraine are illegally detained in Crimea and Russia. Vast majority of political prisoners are coming from Crimea. They all should be released.

Ukraine resists with military, political-diplomatic and legal methods for five years to restore justice.

However, it is possible to succeed only with strong solidarity and support for Ukraine and resolute international pressure on Russia.

In particular, it is crucial to maintain the international policy of non-recognition of Russia’s attempted annexation of Crimea.

Moreover, it is necessary to reinforce both sectoral and personal Crimean sanctions against Russia raising a cost of its aggression and preventing it from spreading.

In December 2018, new enforced resolutions on human rights violations in Crimea and militarization of the Black and Azov Seas have been adopted by United Nations General Assembly. We are grateful to Turkey its efforts in this regard.

We are also grateful for Turkey’s co-sponsorship of the UNGA resolutions on the human rights situation in Crimea for the third year in a row.

Only united we may withstand the greatest threat of nowadays that comes from Russia.

Let’s not forget that it is a nuclear country. Yet, its leadership is criminally irresponsible in use of power and if its conventional aggression is not stopped, it may easily spill into a nuclear one.

Recent statements of Putin, in particular the one on his readiness to stage the Cuban missile crisis 2.0 that was voiced last week, is just a clear demonstration of this.”

In the seminar, the political and social dimensions of Russia's occupation of Crimea and Sevastopol were evaluated by the experts.

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