New Issue of The Diplomatic Observer is released




4          THE BATTLE THAT CHANGED THE COURSE OF HISTORY: ÇANAKKALE

By Mahmut ŞAHİN

Almost since the beginning of known history, powers that aimed at world dominance have set their sights on the Anatolian Peninsula and the straits. The straits, which were for centuries controlled by Byzantium, the heir to Rome, came under Turkish dominance after the conquest of Istanbul by Mehmet II. Although the Dardanelles had been Turkish before that, following the conquest of Istanbul, Turkish control of the straits was complete. Due to both military and economic reasons, the straits were always a field of conflict between powers that fought for regional and world superiority throughout history. You can read the rest of the article in March issue.

8          “DOOMSDAY ON EARTH”

SEGMENTS FROM FRONT LOGS OF THE DARDANELLES FRONT

By Sıddık YILDIZ

The Battle of Çanakkale is not just another battle. In what may be termed the “Last Crusade”, it was one of the bloodiest episodes of the fight between the Crescent and the Cross.  In the eyes of the Turkish nation, Çanakkale is a story of rebirth. As Mehmet Akif stated in his poem dedicated to the “Martyrs of Çanakkale”, arrayed against them was Supposedly civilised Europe. In 1915, the Allies opened the Dardanelles front to take the Ottomans out of the war and to ensure Russia remained standing on their side.  In the history of the First World War, fronts usually involved troops of two or three states.  Another distinction of the Çanakkale front is that almost all the states that were involved in the First World War had troops there. You can read the rest of the article in March issue.

12       THE MONTREUX CONVENTION

By Umut Eren ÖZKAN

The Montreux Convention Regarding the Regime of the Straits was signed in 1936 in the Swiss town of that name based on the Treaty of Lausanne and with the participation of Turkey, Britain, Russia, France, Yugoslavia, Greece and Japan.  The agreement of 29 articles concerns the Turkish straits. You can read the rest of the article in March issue.

14       CAN THE EU RESIST RACISM?

By İlker YILMAZ

The European Union Court of Justice has taken a landmark decision against the rising danger of racism and anti-immigration in European Union countries.  The court has ruled to overrule the decision by the EU Commission, which rejected a proposal by the Federal Union on European Nations (FUEN) on the grounds that it was outside its jurisdiction. The decision the EU Court of Justice took on February 3rd has been seen as a landmark for minorities living within the EU, as well as for refugees. You can read the rest of the article in March issue.

16       FRENCH PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS: THE DIVIDED LEFT

By Robert HARNEIS

French President François Hollande will leave office in May with his party in total disarray. Presidential elections in France have always been unpredictable. That word is inadequate to describe the confused state of French politics today. You can read the rest of the article in March issue.

20       SPRING IN LIBYA: RUSSIA WANTS A PLACE IN THE SUN

By İlknur Şebnem ÖZTEMEL

It all began when on January 16th 2011, Moammar Gaddafi announced his regrets at the downfall of his close friend Zeynel Abidin Ben Ali. The statement by Gaddafi led to protest rallies in many locations across the country, especially its second largest city Benghazi. The tribal structure unique to Libya and the educated young population were effective in spreading the revolution. With the arrest of human rights advocate Fethi Tarbel on February 16th, things got even more out of hand and there were clashes between protestors and security forces. You can read the rest of the article in March issue.

24       TERRORIST TRAINING CAMPS IN IRAN

News Center

The Washington office of the National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI-US) held a press conference to share details of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps’ (IRGC) terrorist training bases on February 14, 2017. You can read the rest of the article in March issue.

26       TRUMP AND THE SOUTH CHINA SEA

By Maximillian Christen MØRCH

Policies instigated by Donald Trump in his first weeks in office have had reverberations around the world. While his presidency is bringing huge, and controversial, changes to America, the effects this will have overseas have yet to be calculated. Trump and his cabinet have already broken foreign policy protocol several times, such as publically questioning One China policy, and no one knows exactly how he will act on issues of major international concern. You can read the rest of the article in March issue.

28       “IF YOU LOVE PEACE, YOU SHOULD LOVE NUCLEAR WEAPONS”

By Baybars ÖĞÜN

When he used the sentence above in Theory Talks, Kenneth N. Waltz was aware that most people would find it difficult to accept such an idea.  Waltz claims that in a nuclear world, wars between states with nuclear weapons can only take place at the conventional level. He argues that there has never been a nuclear war in history and that the outcome of a possible nuclear war is uncertain. You can read the rest of the article in March issue.        

32       THE ROLE OF WOMEN IN MIDDLE EASTERN POLITICS

By Ayşenur KIRILMAZ

Ayşenur Kırılmaz                                                                                      

Whatever the perspective one might take, it seems that in today’s Arab countries administrative and intelligence structures have collapsed, popular uprisings have reached irrepressible levels and economic and political structures have become dysfunctional. In the new process known as the Arab Spring, the poor fortunes of the region have taken a turn for the worse and some countries have made gains from the crisis while others are sinking deeper into crisis due to the diversity of their ethnic and cultural structures and the many internal and foreign actors that operate within them. You can read the rest of the article in March issue.

37       GLOBALISATION AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

By Kaan DERVİŞOĞLU

Globalisation is one of the most useful concepts that can be employed to understand the modern world system and society. In recent years, many works written in the field of international relations, foreign policy talks by politicians, conferences and meetings held by national and international organisations and in daily life, the term ‘globalisation’ has often appeared. You can read the rest of the article in March issue.

40       CHRISTIANS, GREENS AND LIBERALS:

AN ENERGY STORY

By Mithat Kemal İMAN

Having made a bad start to the New Year with a terrorist attack, there have been further signs in January that this year may be more difficult than the last for Turkey and the world. In Turkey the debate over the constitutional amendment and the role of parliament and abroad the initial actions of Trump in office have formed the agenda. You can read the rest of the article in March issue.

44       SOVEREIGN WEALTH FUND OF TURKEY: RESURGENCE OF ETATISM IN THE ECONOMY?

By Cahit UYANIK  

What should one make of the Sovereign Wealth Fund of Turkey (TVF) which has been established by law and now includes many public enterprises by governmental decree. Without much ado, we can say that given 200 years of modernisation history in Turkey, the TVF indicates a new period of resurgence for étatism. You can read the rest of the article in March issue.

47       The AMERICANS

By News Center

Philip Jennings and Elizabeth Jennings are a married couple living Washington, work in tourism and have two children. Their neighbour Stan Beeman works at the FBI. Stan Beeman and Philip Jennings get along very well. When they get the opportunity they talk about work and family and play squash. According to Stan Beeman of the FBI, they are an ordinary American family. So far nothing is out of place. But nothing is as it seems either. You can read the rest of the article in March issue.    

48       MARCH 1969: PRAGUE SPRING AND ITS TRACES ON ICE

By Onur BİLGİÇ

Alexander Dubcek, who was elected General Secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia on January 5ht 1968, was a reformist leader. Among his aims were to lift the restrictions on the freedom of the press and of expression and to distinguish his country from others in the Eastern Bloc. Dubcek’s intentions included the newspapers reporting real news instead of serving propaganda, allowing opposition within the single party system and flexibility in the economic field in what he had named “Socialism with a human face”.  This period which came to be known as the Prague Spring that was experienced in the first half of 1968 promised hope for freedom for the Czechoslovak people. However, it was not to last long. You can read the rest of the article in March issue.     

50       SUMELA MONASTERY

By Petek ŞAH

The historical heritage of Turkey contains some very distinctive, sui generis qualities. While thousands of historical structures might resemble one another, there is usually one in Turkey that is unique. One such building is the Sumela Monastery. There are not many monasteries in the world that were built on a mountainside. You can read the rest of the article in March issue.

52       THE GOLDEN RATIO

By Mete ERSÖZ

The golden ratio is a concept we have come to hear more often in connection with things of beauty. It is somehow hidden beneath famous works of art, maths theories, and works of great architecture. What makes this ratio, which was discovered by ancient Egyptians and Greeks so perfect? You can read the rest of the article in March issue.

55       INTERVIEW WITH ARTIST AYLA AKSOYOĞLU

By Bahar Baştaş ÖZDEMİR

The artist was born in Ankara in 1968 and was educated in her native town. She started making statuettes and painting at the age of six and up to university also was also interested in sports and music. Having graduated from Gazi University Department of Art in 1990, Aksoyoğlu carried out research on displaying art in various museums in France. Having lived for a long time in Trabzon, the artist now has her workshop in Ankara. You can read the rest of the article in March issue.    

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