NEW GOVERNMENT IS ESTABLISHED IN MACEDONIA




İlknur Şebnem Öztemel-TDO- 02.06.2017-Macedonia's parliament has approved a new center-left government led by Zoran Zaev with the participation of two ethnic Albanian parties.

Parliament approved the government with 62 votes against 44 votes. In the voting, 9 members of the Parliament were absent and 5 abstained. It bloomed hopes for the future and give an end to two years of political crisis that even threatened to plunge the country into ethnic conflict. Under the coalition agreement, seven of the 25 cabinet posts will be held by ethnic Albanians.

New Prime Minister of the country vowed to pursue NATO and EU membership, improve economy, stop corruption, decrease tensions in ethnic and religious conflict and introduce Albanian as the second formal language in the country.  In Wednesday, Zaev said "The concept of one society for all is the future of Macedonia’’.

According to the 2002 census, are most Orthodox Christian Macedonians 1,297,981 (64%), majorly Muslim Albanians 509,083 (25%), Turks 77,959 (3.9%) and Roma 53,879 (2.66%). Unfortunately, this led some confusions and disagreements in state politics like in many other Balkan states. Moreover, Greece demand Republic of Macedonia to change its name as ‘’the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia’’. Greece has an intention to present itself as the heir of the Macedonian Empire which’s most famous king is Alexander the Great. They name Selanique as the ‘’Regional Capital of Macedonia’’’. That’s why Greece block Macedonia’s membership in both NATO and EU.

The new government ends 11 years of conservative VMRO-DPMNE rule led by former Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski. Actually, his party received the biggest number of votes in the latest elections that was conducted at the end of 2016, but he was unable to form a coalition after his Albanian partners abandoned him to back Social Democrats. Zaev's party and VMRO-DPMNE had significant division because of a wire-tapping scandal in 2015.  

There was no government in Macedonia for the past six months. President Gjorge Ivanov reversed his previous refusal to give Zaev. At first, he rejected to give right to Zaev due to his ‘’ too tolerant’’ approach for Albanians and Albanian language as it may affect the stability in the country negatively.  The political crisis peaked as an ethnic Albanian was elected president of the chamber and Macedonian nationalist stormed the Parliament.