Robert Harneis –TDO- (France)- It seems that nothing runs smoothly for the European Union and NATO these days. The citizens of Macedonia stayed at home rather than vote through a name change they do not want but which would have removed the Greek embargo on EU and NATO membership.
Just 36.5 percent of eligible voters turned out on Sunday 30th September to answer the question: "Are you for EU and Nato membership by accepting the agreement between the Republic of Macedonia and the Republic of Greece?".
Opponents said the name change represented national humiliation. “We are for NATO and EU, but we want to join with our heads up, not through the service door,” Vladimir Kavadarkov, who backed the referendum boycott told Reuters. “We are a poor country, but we do have dignity.”
“On this referendum, it is clear that the decision has not been made,” election commission head Oliver Derkoski told reporters.
“It is clear that the agreement with Greece has not received the green light from the people,” main nationalist opposition VMRO-DPMNE party leader Hristiajn Mickoski told journalists.
The referendum was itself not legally binding, but lawmakers had pledged to abide by it, and the failure to reach the turnout threshold means opponents can now freely vote against the deal. The nationalist opposition holds 49 seats in the 120-seat parliament, enough to block the two-thirds majority required to change the constitution.
Prime Minister Zoran Zaev pledged on Sunday to press on with a vote in parliament to change the country’s name to resolve a decades-old dispute with Greece, despite failing to secure the 50 percent turnout at a referendum required to make it valid.
In an address, Zaev made no mention of the turnout but said the votes of those who had backed the change must be respected. He pledged to hold a vote in parliament on the name change, and call an early election if lawmakers failed to enact it. He said “I am determined to take Macedonia into the European Union and NATO,” He spoke again later in the evening, along similar lines: “It is time to support European Macedonia.”
The proposed name change is part of an agreement reached with Greece in June, under considerable United States pressure, by the pro-Western Prime Minister to resolve the dispute over the country’s name, which had prevented Macedonia from joining NATO or the EU.
The people who did vote overwhelmingly backed the name change — more than 90 percent voted yes with 63 percent of polling stations reporting. But that had never been in doubt, since opponents of the change had urged followers not to vote, rather than vote no.
The Greek foreign ministry said it respected the will of the people of the country, which it refers to by the provisional name Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
The referendum passed judgment on the agreement with Greece reached in June, under which Macedonia would change its name to the Republic of North Macedonia. Greece, which has its own province called Macedonia, maintains that its northern neighbor’s name represents a claim on its territory, endorsed by anti-Greek nationalists.
Because of the dispute, Greece has vetoed Macedonia’s entrance into NATO and the EU. While polls have long showed that a vast majority of Macedonians want to join NATO and the EU, nationalist opponents of the name change argued that it undermined the ethnic identity of Macedonia’s Slavic majority.
With growing resistance to rule from Brussels within the EU, the European Commission, the United States and NATO are anxious to establish what is effectively a protectorate over as many ex-Yugoslavian statelets as possible, as quickly as possible, faced as they are by the rising influence of Russia and China.