IAEA’ CONCERNS OVER PROSPECTIVE N. KOREA-USA NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT ACCORD




Mustafa AY – TDO – 05.06.2018 In the previous year’s summer, nuclear tension triangle –North Korea, South Korea and USA – made the region and the World politics concerned with regards to trajectory of conflict. However, the escalating tensions among those countries were stunningly followed by North and South Korea’s joint action to take part in olympic games, which was evaluated as that N. Korea decided on exhibiting different approach aside from its previous agressive stance to S. Korea and USA. Current progresses in between N. Korea and S. Korea paved the way for mutual negotiations between N. Korea and USA. According tol ast news, in June 12, US President Donald Trump and his N. Korean counterpart Kim Jong-Un will meet in Singapore. Both leader will conduct compromise talk over nuclear disarmament of N. Korea.

The planned nuclear disarmament negotiations betwwen N. Korea and USA prompted reaction of IAEA. IAEA Chief Yukiya Amano stated that in case of that Washington and Pyongjang reach an unanimity in negotiations over nuclear disarmement, IAEA should be authorized to execute its impartial mission as a watchdog on nuclear disarmament. IAEA Chief Amano asserted his concerns since USA didn’t call IAEA to take part in its compromise talk with N. Korea. Chief Amano stressed the unignorable gravity of IAEA’s capability and effectiveness in order to eliminate possible unfavourable image, which would come up against the Agency, with these words: “IAEA has liaised with many countries in the matter of peaceful use of nuclear energy, nuclear disarmament and others. By the virtue of IAEA’s impartial mission as watchdog over nuclear relating issues, the Agency makes contribution to global peace since it undertakes the insurmountable task of inspecting nuclear disarmement.”

Following Iran’s 5+1 Nuclear Accord, IAEA appeared as the most competent neutral institution that oversaw whether or not Iran proceeded with its uranium enrichment program. In 2009, IAEA watchdogs were expelled by Pyongyang. From 2009 onwards, IAEA couldn’t conduct its inspection missions over N. Korea’s nuclear projects. Therefore, IAEA has almost no data about N. Korea’s nuclear program on the grounds that Pyongyang’s policies leading self-isolation from international politics have inhibited foreign countries and international associations from observing its nuclear and non-nuclear related matters.