Diplomatic Observer April 2017 Issue is Released!




DIPLOMATIC OBSERVER MAGAZINE APRIL 2017 (110) ISSUE

1918 March 31st the Real Genocide

By Faig BAĞIROV

The events of March 1918 were some of the bloodiest in the history of Azerbaijan. In Baku, Armenian-Bolshevik forces committed massacres which culminated on March 31st-April 2nd and armed Armenian gangs had ruthlessly murdered civilians.   During this massacre, in Baku alone 30,000 people, including the elderly, women and children had been butchered for simply being Turkish-Muslim, all belongings and property of the Muslim population was looted, mosques and schools had been burnt down.

You can read the rest of the article in April issue.

The Need for a New Security Architecture in the Middle East

By İlknur Şebnem ÖZTEMEL

The Middle East or the Near East: home to ancient empires, fertile lands, passionate people, cause to orientalism and the Eastern Question. For some it is heaven, for others it is hell and for Turkey it is Limbo. For some it means wealth and power, for others it means endless oppression. It is the festering wound of the planet that has not healed since the beginning of the 20th century, where theories of international relations, diplomacy, military strategy and efforts at social justice have all met deadlocks.

You can read the rest of the article in April issue.

The Battle for Kashmir: Looking South Asia’s Biggest Threat in the Eye for Stability

By Maximillian Christen MØRCH         

Since 1947, Kashmir has been a hotbed of violent and militant activity and whilst the region has long been ravaged by violence, certain events in the last 12 months have threatened to reach breaking point. These tensions are bad enough for regional stability and economic growth, yet the fact remains that two nuclear countries remain in a deadlock with both sides taking a harsh, uncompromising stance.

You can read the rest of the article in April issue.

World War III Upon Us!

By Mahmut ŞAHİN           

War: An interesting term that contains conflicting meanings. On the one hand it could mean struggle for survival and independence against invaders and nature, on the other hand it could mean the pillage and occupation of others’ lives and goods, independence and rights. The term war contains both these meanings.

You can read the rest of the article in April issue.

North Korea: A Rising International Nuclear Power or a Regional Populist?

By Baybars ÖĞÜN           

One of the states that has most occupied the international agenda political agenda has undoubtedly been North Korea (the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea).  Analyses are being made over the interest North Korea raises in the world as a closed box, its nuclear arms and ballistic missiles, its leader constantly implying a world or regional war and the perception of it as a state that constantly stands up to the USA and can perhaps bring it on its knees.

You can read the rest of the article in April issue.

Dirty tricks and scandals dominate French Elections - Not For The First Time

By Robert HARNEIS        

The 2017 presidential elections are unique in French political history, with all three leading candidates embroiled in legal enquiries and scandals of one sort or another. At the same time the judiciary stand accused of blatant manipulation of legal proceedings with the aim of damaging particular candidates, François Fillon and Marine Le Pen on government orders.  They are equally accused of ignoring as far as they can the peccadilloes of other politicians, particularly of Emmanuel Macron.

You can read the rest of the article in April issue.

Once The Loyal Nation, Factors Leading to the Relocation of Armenians

By Gülsüm Gizem ÖZYOL         

Osmanlı Devleti savaşa girmeden önce, Ermeni komi­teleri, başta patrik­hane olmak üzere, Osmanlı Hükümetinin Rusya’ya karşı savaşa girmesi halinde ala­cakları durumu tespit için toplan­tılar yapıyorlardı. İstanbul Gala­ta’daki Ermeni Büyük Merkez Okulu’nda 1914 yılı Mayıs ayın­da, patrikhaneden görevlendirilen rahip Gabriel Cevahirciyan’ın başkanlığında Taşnaksutyun, Veragazmiyal, Hın­çak, Ramgavar temsilcilerinden oluşan Birleşik Milli Ermeni Kong­resi, ‘’Ermeni Osmanlı Hükümetine sadık kalmaları’’ şeklinde bir kara­ra vardı.

You can read the rest of the article in April issue.

Turkey-Armenia Relations

By Alev KILIÇ        

In the aftermath of the Second World War, the Iron Curtain which was supposed to have descended on the European continent had separated Turkey from Caucasia and Central Asia to its northwest, and its only address for relations with the Soviet Union had become Moscow. Upon the dissolution of the USSR in December 1991 and the declaration of independence by 15 republics, Turkey had immediately and indiscriminately recognised the three republics in Southern Caucasia, namely Azerbaijan, Georgia and Armenia.

You can read the rest of the article in April issue.

Genocide According to Whom?

By Umut Eren ÖZKAN    

The meaning of the term ‘genocide’ is the wholesale destruction of a minority community by another over religious, racial or political grounds. From this definition, it may be said that the destruction of one community by another constitutes a crime. Regarding the crime of genocide, the United Nations Generally Assembly for the first time ratified “The Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide” in 1948. According to the Convention, genocide is a crime under international law.

You can read the rest of the article in April issue.

Kurds Want Turkmen Out Of Their Native Kirkuk

By Ali KERKÜKLÜ           

The Turkmen city of Kirkuk is officially under the Baghdad administration. However, the Peshmerga have de facto taken control of Kirkuk since 2014, when they arrived on the pretext of fighting ISIS. The Kurds have aimed for a long time to include Kirkuk in the Kurdish zone.

You can read the rest of the article in April issue.

A Theoretical Examination of Nationalism

By Kaan DERVİŞOĞLU  

The term ‘nationalism’ generally applies in the following senses:

1. The process of founding and subsistence of nations and nation-states as a whole,

2. Consciousness of belonging to a nation and being desirous and sensitive of the security and welfare of the nation,

3. Language and symbolism relating to the nation and its role,

4. An ideology that contains prescriptions for realising national ideals and that national will along with a cultural doctrine on nations and national will,

5. A social and political movement that will realise national ambitions and the national will.

You can read the rest of the article in April issue.

Interview with Mr. Allama Siddiki, Ambassador of Bangladesh to Turkey

News Center          

Bangladesh, a significant country of the South Asian region has developed much and increased its influence over many fields from economics to international peace. How can we define Bangladesh’s place in the international community?

Bangladesh has many developmental challenges. However, its growth record since 2009 under the leadership of Hon’ble Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has been outstanding with an average GDP growth of 6.2 per cent. GDP growth this year is expected to be over 7 per cent like last year.

You can read the rest of the article in April issue.

Turkey Has To Oppose Globally Risign Trend of Protectionism

By Cahit UYANIK  

Economic histories produced in the coming decades will probably speak of 2017 as a complicated year in which different approaches clashed. The same applies for Turkey. Consider that while the largest economy in the world is trying to implement economic protectionism supported by tariffs. Meanwhile, Turkish exporters have picked the USA as the “target market” for 2017, while the USA itself is evaluating its economic relations with every country in terms of how much it imports from them.

You can read the rest of the article in April issue.

To save the Tunisian Economy from the state of “free fall”

By Adel TAYARİ    

Several analysts suggest that Tunisia has been racing ahead for repeating the Greek scenario. These views are not a matter of wallowing in pessimism, but are based on non-deceptive numbers and data.

The external debt of Tunisia has risen in the previous year to nearly 52 billion dinars, and perhaps the biggest proof of the difficult economic situation is that the IMF froze its second and third instalments, worth between USD 650 million and 700 million.

You can read the rest of the article in April issue.

A Window on History

By Sıddık YILDIZ  

The Beer Hall Putsch which Adolf Hitler undertook against the Bavarian government in 1923 is one of the first significant incidents in which he made his name heard in Germany. The putsch attempt of November 8th-9th failed. Hitler was tried and given five years in prison. However, he was released after nine months.

You can read the rest of the article in April issue.

Interview With İbrahim Karaoğlu Author, Curator, Critic

Bahar Baştaş ÖZDEMİR 

Firstly, I would like to thank you for such an interview. I was born in Ankara in 1958. I completed my education in Ankara. I have been a curator and art critic for more than 30 years. At university I studied two different subjects: geography and psychology, but art is what was really close to my heart since my childhood and the last 35 years of my life have gone by hand in hand with art.

You can read the rest of the article in April issue.

The WNBA: Small Revenue, Major Success

By Onur BİLGİÇ    

Fenerbahçe women’s basketball team have transferred Candace Parker last month. Signing only a two-month contract with the player, one of the most important reasons for the transfer is participating in Euroleague women’s final and winning the cup.  Candace Parker is a player who won this cup with Ekaterinburg in 2013 and has considerable overseas experience.

You can read the rest of the article in April issue.

LASTH MONTH