ALLIED FORCES WERE INFORMED ABOUT HOLOCAUST




İlknur Şebnem Öztemel-TDO-19.04.2017 The Allied Powers were aware of the scale of the Jewish Holocaust two-and-a-half years before the end of the war and had even prepared war crimes accusations against Adolf Hitler and his top commanders.

According to a document, revealed from UN archives after around 70 years, shows that US, UK and Soviet Union were informed that at least two million Jews had been murdered and a further five million were at risk of being killed. They were supposed to impose charges against Nazis. In spite of their gathered information, the Allied Powers did very little to rescue those in mortal danger.

The reason behind this is not only their busyness with military interactions and invasions but also their concerns about probable increase in the number of refugees and post-war economic structure.

In March 1943, Viscount Cranborne, a minister in the war cabinet of Winston Churchill, said the Jews should not be considered a special case and British Empire was already too full of refugees to offer a safe haven to any more. 

Mr Plesch, a professor at the Centre for International Studies and Diplomacy at SOAS University of London, said efforts by President Franklin D Roosevelt’s envoy to the United Nations War Crimes Commission (UNWCC), Herbert Pell, were pushed back by anti-Semites in the US State Department. Later, Pell argued that officers in the State Department were concerned about America’s economic relationship with Germany after the war as it would be damaged if such prosecutions went ahead. It is significant to remind that the prosecution of the Nazis at Nuremberg happened after the highly publicized liberation of the concentration camps in the summer of 1945.

Moreover, another explanation that experts present about curtaining the humanitarian crime is the ‘’need’’ for rebuilding Germany after the war and confronting Communism which was seen as the next ‘’monster’’.

Actually, excessive conservativeness during war-times and prioritizing state benefits can be understandable. What can be criticized here is West’s hypocrisy about humanitarianism and their presentation of themselves as the best example of ‘’moral states’’. Furthermore, another thing that must be focused is their interesting division between German state/Germans and the Nazi government. Did they be tolerant to other nations in similar positions? Don’t think so. Consequently, this is another example of their ego-centric perspective of Western-Christian identity andhypocrisy.